Every passing day becomes part of the history as something or the other of significance is happening somewhere in the world. Major events which impact lives of many people are studied and analysed over time by experts. Here are Top ten major events that occurred in the month of March over the past ten years:
10. Beginning of the Iraq War (2003)
The Iraq War began on March 20, 2003 when Iraq was invaded by the United States and its allies. The allied forces occupied Iraq, overthrew the Ba’ath Party, and executed Saddam Hussein. The war also caused insurgency and sectarian violence, but the U.S. claims democratizing Iraq.
9. The Tulip Revolution (2005)
Also known as the First Kyrgyz Revolution, the Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan reached its pinnacle resulting in the overthrow of its president, Askar Akayev on March 24, 2005. His family and associates were corrupt and authoritarian. Akayev fled to Kazakhstan and Russia for protection.
8. Formation of the United Nations Human Rights Council (2006)
The United Nations Human Rights Council was established after replacing the former organisation, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on March 15, 2006. It has the same responsibilities and functions as its predecessor.
7. Launch of the International Polar Year (2007)
The International Polar Year was launched in Paris, France on March 1, 2007. It is a research programme to study both the North Pole and the South Pole and is worth $1.5 billion. It allows researchers to closely study the Earth’s magnetic field lines.
6. Death of Sir Arthur C. Clarke (2008)
The world-renowned British science-fiction writer, inventor and futurist, Sir Arthur C. Clark died on March 19, 2008 at the age of 90 in Colombo, Sri Lanka where he emigrated in 1956. He used pen-names of Charles Willis and E. G. O’Brien. His notable works include Profiles of the Future and 2001: A Space Odyssey amongst others. Being a futurist, many of his predictions came true.
5. Launch of NASA’s Kepler Mission (2009)
To explore the extra solar planets in the Milky Way galaxy, NASA launched the Kepler Mission consisting of a space photometer on March 7, 2009 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, USA. Due to this space mission, 1235 planetary candidates circling 997 host stars were found.
4. Destruction of the Kasubi Tombs of Uganda (2010)
Uganda’s only cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Kasubi Tombs were destroyed by fire on March 16, 2010. They were in the city of Kampala and were the burial grounds of four kings of Buganda. The cause of this fire is unknown and thus the matter is under investigation.
3. Tohoku Earthquake (2011)
Also known as the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Tohoku Earthquake was of 9.1 magnitude which caused tsunami on the eastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011. It resulted in the death of some 15,840 people and around 3,926 people went missing. It caused declaration of emergency at four nuclear power plants in Japan which leaked radioactive material.
2. Discontinuation of Encyclopedia Britannica in Print (2012)
First published in 1768, the Encyclopedia Britannica announced on March 13, 2012 that it will discontinue publishing its print edition. The reason is that it will now focus only on its online version, Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Its last print edition was published in 2010 with a 32-volume set.
1. Election of Pope Francis (2013)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, now called Pope Francis, was elected the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church on March 13, 2013. He has many firsts to his post being the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the New World, that is the American continent, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere. It means that he is the first pope appointed from a continent other than Europe.